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General Midi melodic bank

You can see the list of GM melodic instruments below. The number preceding the instrument groups is important. This is the so-called program number, i.e. the serial number of the instrument within the bank.

Well, to make it more complicated, it has two types in the world of music software: that starting from 0 and that starting with 1 (we used this one).

It follows that the numbers of the instruments in our system are between 1 and 128, and in the first case, between 0 and 127. It is worth paying attention to that, because a Violin instead of a SynthBass2 can be astonishing… ;-)

Although Reason doesn't support the program change command, it's useful to know, which instrument should be loaded into a GM midi file.

Melodic General Midi instruments

001 Acoustic Piano
002 Bright Ac Piano
003 Electric Piano
004 Honkytonk Piano
005 Rhodes Piano
006 Chorused Epiano
007 HarpsiChord
008 ClaviChord
009 Celesta
010 GlockenSpiel
011 Music Box
012 Vibraphone
013 Marimba
014 Xylophone
015 Tubular Bells
016 Dulcimer
017 Hammond Organ
018 Percus Organ
019 Rock Organ
020 Church Organ
021 Reed Organ
022 Accordion
023 Harmonica
024 Tango Accordion
025 Nylon Ac Guitar
026 Steel Ac Guitar
027 Jazz El Guitar
028 Clean El Guitar
029 Muted El Guitar
030 OverDrvn Guitar
031 Distort Guitar
032 Gtr Harmonics
033 Acoustic Bass
034 Fingered E Bass
035 Picked E Bass
036 Fretless Bass
037 Slap Bass1
038 Slap Bass2
039 Synth Bass1
040 Synth Bass2
041 Violin
042 Viola
043 Cello
044 ContraBass Str
045 Tremolo String
046 Pizzicato Str
047 Ochestra Harp
048 Timpani
049 Strings Ens1
050 Strings Ens2
051 Synth Strings1
052 Synth Strings2
053 Choir Aahs
054 Choir Oohms
055 Synth Voice
056 Orchestra Hit
057 Trumpet
058 Trombone
059 Tuba
060 Muted Trumpet
061 French Horns
062 Brass Section
063 Synth Brass1
064 Synth Brass2

065 Soprano Sax
066 Alto Sax
067 Tenor Sax
068 Bariton Sax
069 Oboe
070 English Horn
071 Bassoon
072 Clarinet
073 Piccolo
074 Flute
075 Recorder
076 Pan Flute
077 Bottle Blow
078 Shakuhachi
079 Whistle
080 Ocarina
081 Square Lead
082 Sawtooth Lead
083 Calliope Lead
084 Chiff Lead
085 Charang
086 Voice Lead
087 Fifth Lead
088 Bass Lead
089 New Age Pad
090 Warm Pad
091 PolySynth Pad
092 ChoirPad
093 Bowed Pad
094 Metallic Pad
095 Halo Pad
096 Sweep Pad
097 Rain
098 Soundtrack
099 Crystal
100 Atmosphere
101 Brightness
102 Goblins
103 Echoes
104 Sci-Fi
105 Sitar
106 Banjo
107 Shamisen
108 Koto
109 Kalimba
110 BagPipe
111 Fiddle
112 Shanai
113 Tinkle Bell
114 Agogo
115 Steel Drums
116 Woodblock
117 Taiko Drum
118 Melodic Tom
119 Synth Drums
120 Reverse Cymbal
121 Gtr Fret Noise
122 Breath Noise
123 Seashore
124 Bird Tweet
125 Telephone Ring
126 Helicopter
127 Applause
128 Gunshot

 

Drum map

We indicated the basic set with blue color, this in fact corresponds to an average drum set of the drummer. We used dark grey color to indicate the extended kit, you can find here several (exotic) percussions. The drum sets are in compliance with the General Midi rules.

In addition it is worth mentioning that:
- they contain the necessary exclusive zones* (for HiHats, Guiro, etc.)
- the sounds are positioned properly in the stereo space
- certain drum sounds (Snares, HiHats, etc.) are layered by velocity, i.e. the sound samples will be changed depending on the speed of the keystrokes.

* the exclusive zone is an interesting thing. It means that drum sounds of the same zone can never sound simultaneously, and the new sound must extinguish the previous one. This flows from the characteristics of certain rhythm instruments and is very useful: for example it is impossible to beat and scratch the guiro at the same time, just as you cannot beat a HiHat in reality by pressing and releasing at the same time… or-or.

 

Drum map
 
Key
MIDI Note
   Drum Sound
 89(F6)  
   88(E6)  
   87(D#6)  
   86(D6)  
   85 (C#6)  
6  84 (C6)  Bell Tree
   83 (B5)  Jingle Bells
   82 (A#5)  Shaker
   81 (A5)  Open Triangle  (exclusive zone 4)
   80 (G#5)  Muted Triangle  (exclusive zone 4)
   79 (G5)  Open Cuica
   78 (F#5)  Muted Cuica
   77 (F5)  Low Wood Block
   76 (E5)  High Wood Block
   75 (D#5)  Claves
   74 (D5)  Long Guiro (exclusive zone 3)
   73 (C#5)  Short Guiro (exclusive zone 3)
5  72 (C5)  Long Whistle (exclusive zone 2)
   71 (B4)  Short Whistle (exclusive zone 2)
   70 (A#4)  Maracas
   69 (A4)  Cabasa
   68 (G#4)  Low Agogo
   67 (G4)  High Agogo
   66 (F#4)  Low Timbale
   65 (F4)  High Timbale
   64 (E4)  Low Conga
   63(D#4)  Open High Conga
   62 (D4)  Muted High Conga
   61 (C#4)  Low Bongo
4  60 (C4)  High Bongo
   59 (B3)  Ride Cym 2
   58 (A#3)  VibraStrap
   57 (A3)  Crash Cym 2
   56 (G#3)  CowBell
   55 (G3)  Splash Cym
   54 (F#3)  Tambourine
   53 (F3)  Ride Bell
   52 (E3)  Chinese Cym
   51 (D#3)  Ryde Cym 1
   50 (D3)  High Tom 2
   49 (C#3)  Long Crash 1
3  48 (C3)  High Tom 1
   47 (B2)  Mid Tom 2
   46 (A#2)  Open HiHat (exclusive zone 1)
   45 (A2)  Mid Tom 1
   44 (G#2)  Pedal HiHat (exclusive zone 1)
   43 (G2)  Low Tom 2
   42 (F#2)  Closed HiHat (exclusive zone 1)
   41 (F2)  Low Tom 1
   40 (E2)  Snare 2
   39 (D#2)  Clap
   38 (D2)  Snare 1
   37 (C#2)  Side Stick
2  36 (C2)  Bass Drum 2
   35 (B1)  Bass Drum 1
   34 (A#1)  Open Rimshot
   33 (A1)  Bass Drum Lo
   32 (G#1)  Sticks
   31 (G1)  Snare L  (exclusive zone 5)
   30 (F#1)  Castanet
   29 (F1)  Snare Roll  (exclusive zone 5)
   28 (E1)  Brush Swirl H
   27 (D#1)  Brush Slap (exclusive zone 6)
   26 (D1)  Brush Swirl L (exclusive zone 6)
   25 (C#1)  Brush Tap (exclusive zone 6)
1  24 (C1)  Sequencer Click Hi
   23 (B0)  Sequencer Click Lo
   22 (A#0)  Metronome Bell
   21 (A0)  Metronome Click
   20 (G#0)  Click Noise
   19 (G0)  Finger Slap
   18 (F#0)  Scratch Pull (exclusive zone 7)
   17 (F0)  Scratch Push (exclusive zone 7)
   16 (E0)  Whipslap
   15 (D#0)  High Q
   14 (D0)  Surdo Open
   13 (D#0)  Surdo Muted
   12 (C0)  
     

 

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